What Is Urology?

Urology is an area of medicine that focuses on diseases of the urinary tract and reproductive organs. These organs include the kidneys, bladder, ureters, and urethra. Urology doctors also specialize in the male reproductive system. Read on to learn more about the different procedures performed in this field.

Diagnostic tests

Urologists conduct a variety of diagnostic tests to determine the underlying cause of urinary tract and reproductive system problems. These tests can help to rule out other serious health conditions, and they can also pinpoint specific reproductive system disorders. For example, urodynamic tests can detect disorders that interfere with the functioning of the urinary tract.

Urodynamic tests are used to measure the function of the lower urinary tract, urethra, and bladder. Urologists may recommend a combination of these tests to determine the underlying cause of your urological problem. This may include cystometrograms, electromyography, and a voiding pressure study. A urologist may also perform uropathology to analyze tissue samples for detecting prostate cancer.

Treatment options

If you have a medical condition requiring urology treatment, thereĀ Dr Paul Manohar are a few options available to you. One of the most common is surgery. Surgery is an effective option when the disease is relatively minor, but it can also be quite invasive. Treatment options vary depending on the type of urology problem.

Urologists will begin your visit with a thorough medical history. In addition to examining the urological system, they will also review the rest of your body’s functions to find out what may be causing your problem. For example, they may ask you to complete a questionnaire about your lower urinary tract symptoms, as well as about your sexual health. They may also ask you to keep a urine diary.

Common procedures

Urologists offer a variety of services to address a variety of urological ailments. For example, a doctor may use the latest diagnostic procedures to help identify and treat urinary disorders. He or she might also use behavioral therapy to improve a patient’s bladder control. The goal of a urologist is to provide the best possible treatment and prevention for urologic illnesses.

Common urology procedures include laparoscopic and robotic surgery. Some of these procedures may be performed in minimally invasive settings. At Texas Health Diagnostics & Surgery, we use the da Vinci(r) Surgical System to perform many urology procedures. Examples of these procedures include laparoscopic nephrectomy and Photoselective Vaporization of the Prostate (PVP), which uses a green laser to evaporate prostate tissue.


Salary for urologists varies widely, but the average is more than $184,000 per year. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, an entry-level urologist makes $272,297 per year, while those with five or more years of experience earn $462,246 annually. A physician with eight or more years of experience earns an average of $579,112 a year. The job outlook is bright for physicians in the field, with demand for physicians and surgeons projected to grow 4 percent by 2029.

However, physicians who practice urology should understand the nuances of their employment contract, as well as the ramifications of not playing by the rules. For example, physicians should never sign employment contracts that don’t include clear details of their expected duties and responsibilities. Additionally, urologists should never sign contracts without a detailed list of all terms and conditions, including compensation and benefits.


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